Official results of the elections to the House of Representatives on 15 March 2017

On Wednesday, 15 March, 10.563.456 of the 12.893.466 people eligible to vote cast their vote to elect the members of the House of Representatives. This made the turnout for this election (81.9%) the highest since the 1986 House of Representatives elections (85.82%). Thirteen parties received enough votes to gain a seat in the Dutch House of Representatives. This is the highest number of parties since 1972 (14).

Image: Electoral Council

In total, 10.516.041 (99.6%) valid votes were cast for candidates. There were 15.876 abstentions (0.2%) and 31.539 (0.3%) invalid votes. 964.811 votes (9.1%) were cast by proxy.

Electoral quota

The electoral quota is the number of votes needed to gain one seat. The number of votes needed to gain one seat is referred to as the electoral quota. This is calculated by dividing all the valid votes cast for candidates by 150, the total number of seats in the Dutch House of Representatives. Therefore, the electoral quota was: 10.516.041 : 150 = 70.106 141/150.

Allocation of seats

The 150 seats were allocated as follows:

  • VVD: 33
  • PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid): 20
  • CDA: 19
  • Democraten 66 (D66): 19
  • SP (Socialistische Partij): 14
  • Partij van de Arbeid (P.v.d.A.): 9
  • ChristenUnie: 5
  • Partij voor de Dieren: 5
  • 50PLUS: 4
  • Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij (SGP): 3
  • DENK: 3
  • Forum voor Democratie: 2

The other participating parties did not gain a seat:

  • OndernemersPartij
  • VNL (VoorNederland)
  • De Burger Beweging
  • Vrijzinnige Partij
  • GeenPeil
  • Piratenpartij
  • Artikel 1
  • Niet Stemmers
  • Libertarische Partij (LP)
  • Lokaal in de Kamer
  • StemNL
  • MenS en Spirit/Basisinkomen Partij/V-R
  • Vrije Democratische Partij (VDP)

Allocation of residual seats

To allocate the 150 seats among the 28 participating parties, the number of ‘full seats’ each party had gained was first defined. This number of seats equals the number of times the list or the combination achieved the electoral quota. In the initial allocation, 142 full seats were allocated. A remaining 8 residual seats had therefore to be allocated. 2 residual seats were allocated to the VVD, one to the PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid), one to the CDA, 1 to the SP (Socialistische Partij), 1 to the Partij van de Arbeid (P.v.d.A.) – GROENLINKS combined list, 1 to Democraten 66 (D66) and 1 tot the Partij voor de Dieren. The Electoral Council also calculated how the seats would have been allocated if there had been no combined lists. In such a case, the allocation of seats would have been the same.


A total of 1.116 candidates were included in the lists of the 28 parties that participated in the elections. The youngest candidate elected was 25 years, Mr R. (Rens) Raemakers (Democraten 66), and the oldest candidate elected was 74 years, Mr M.J. (Martin) van Rooijen (50PLUS). Of the elected candidates, 96 were male (64%) and 54 female (36%). On each list, the winning candidates for whom the number of preferential votes cast was above 25% of the electoral quota were declared to have been elected first. This is referred to as the preference threshold. The preference threshold was 17.527 votes. Thereafter, the remaining seats for the parties were allocated to candidates in the order in which they appeared on the list.

Preference threshold

Of the 43 candidates who passed the preference threshold and were elected, there were 4 who were not otherwise elected: Ms E.M.J. (Lilianne) Ploumen (Partij van de Arbeid (P.v.d.A.), Mr M.R.H.M. (Maurits) von Martels (CDA), Ms L.I. (Isabelle) Diks (GROENLINKS) and Ms E.M. (Lisa) Westerveld (GROENLINKS). Three candidates did pass the preference threshold but did not gain a seat, because no seats were allocated to the list on which they were declared. These were the top candidates for de Piratenpartij, Ms A.T. (Ancilla) van de Leest , Artikel 1, Ms S.H. (Sylvana) Simons and VNL (Voor Nederland), Mr J.H. (Jan) Roos..

Voters abroad

In total, 80.660 Dutch voters abroad registered to take part in the elections to the House of Representatives. In 2012, this figure was 48.374. Of those who registered to vote abroad, 68.132 stated that they wanted to cast their vote by post. Of these, 59.857 did cast a valid vote by post.

Validity of the elections to the House of Representatives

The Credentials Committee of the House of Representatives decides whether the elections to the House of Representatives took place in accordance were the rules. The Committee determines this on the basis of the official reports from the approximately 9.000 polling stations. The Committee also examines whether there were circumstances that would give rise to doubts about the accuracy of the election results established by the Central Electoral Committee (the Electoral Council). The Committee will issue its report during the last meeting of the old House of Representatives, on Wednesday, 22 March.