International Documents

There are several relevant documents concerning elections at an international level. The basic principles which recur in these documents are those of: free, reliable and fair elections by secret ballot.

The most important international documents are:

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1948)

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms as amended by Protocol No. 11 (ECHR, 1950)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR, 1966)

Document on the Copenhagen meeting of the conference on the human dimension of the CSCE (Copenhagen Document, 1990)

General Comment No.25, The right to participate in public affairs, voting rights and the rights of equal access to public service (1996)

Code of good practice in electoral matters (2002)

Recommendation Rec(2004)11 on Legal, operational and technical standards for e-voting (2004)

The Netherlands parliamentary elections 22 November 2006, Election Assessment Mission Report, OSCE/ODIHR (2007)

Recommendation Rec(2003)4 on common rules against corruption in the funding of political parties and electoral campaigns (2008)

The Netherlands parliamentary elections 9 June 2010. Election Assessment Mission Report, OSCE/ODIHR (2010)

The Netherlands parliamentary elections 12 September 2012. Election Assessment Mission Report. OSCE/ODIHR (2012)